Dwight David Eisenhower
The new president, Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1911, he won a place at West Point military academy. As a military trainer, he did not see combat in the First World War, but from 1927 he worked as a military historian and then a planner. He rose to the rank of brigadier general, and was know for his skillful organization in military exercises.
Eisenhower became the leading Allied army general during the Second World War, he later became NATO's first supreme commander. He dealt diplomatically with his fellow generals, and he had a good understanding of global affairs. The USA had a tradition of soldier president, and many felt reassured by Eisenhower.
During the election, his role as a national hero secured him a lot of 'floating votes', but he also benefited from the splits in the Democratic Party and Truman's unpopularity in his last years in office. Eisenhower stood out as a man who had not previously been associated with local politics or played a part in government.
In 1952, President Harry Truman's popularity had fallen so precipitously that the Democratic party never seriously considered renominating him. The Democrats turned instead to Adlai Stevenson, the liberal governor of Illinois. The unpopular Korean war, charges that the Democrats were "soft on communism," and a series of bribery scandals all weakened Truman's administration. Eisenhower took advantage of this weakness and attacked the Democrats with the K1C2 formula-"Korea, Communism, and Corruption." He even vowed to go to Korea to end the war if he were elected. This campaign pledge virtually clinched Ike's victory.
Eisenhower three major themes for his election were to put were the Korean War, corruption, and a balanced budget. Ike promised to end the war because he knew first hand about war. Ike promised to balance the budget.
On election day, Eisenhower won a decisive victory, winning over 55% of the popular vote and carrying 39 of the 48 states.
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